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  • reading
    Emergent Literacy Development

    Emergent literacy skills are the basic building blocks for learning to read and write. Emergent literacy skills begin developing in early infancy and early childhood through participation with adults in meaningful activities involving talking and print.


  • fam reading
    Effectiveness of a Parent-Led Early Language Program

    A study published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry evaluated the effectiveness of a parent-led early language program compared to a motor skills program in preschool age children. The primary goal was to assess whether the oral language program would prompt advances in early language and reading skills relative to children who were in the motor skills program. Children were randomly assigned to either the oral language or motor skills programs. The two programs were delivered by parents at the same intensity: 20-minute sessions, 5 days each week for 30 weeks.

  • soccer
    Movement Games Support Executive Functions

    Movement games can be an age-appropriate way for children to learn self-regulation. They are inexpensive and easy to use in a classroom setting. Games that require children to move their bodies according to certain rules require a broad range of executive functions. You can increase the complexity by adding or changing the rules. This ensures children’s skills are continually challenged, which is critical for development [1,2].

  • cog_pic
    Executive Function Components: Part 3 Cognitive Flexibility

    This is the last post in a series on the core components of executive function. If you missed our previous posts, you may view the full series of executive function core components here. Cognitive flexibility is the ability to adapt thinking and behavior to changing circumstances or demands [1]. It is also called flexible thinking. This skill helps children adjust to the demands of new situations such as starting school [2]. Children with rigid thinking may have a hard time adapting to new things.

  • inhibit pic
    Executive Function Components: Part 2 Inhibitory Control

    Do you know a child who just can’t sit still or pay attention in class? Maybe you know one who is always acting out? There’s a good chance these children struggle with inhibitory control. This is the second part of a series on the core executive functions. If you missed Part 1, you can find it here.