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Executive Function Core Components

Executive Function Components: Part 3 Cognitive Flexibility

This is the last post in a series on the core components of executive function. If you missed our previous posts, you may view the full series of executive function core components here. Cognitive flexibility is the ability to adapt thinking and behavior to changing circumstances or demands [1]. It is also called flexible thinking. This skill helps children adjust to the demands of new situations such as starting school [2]. Children with rigid thinking may have a hard time adapting to new things.

Executive Function Components: Part 2 Inhibitory Control

Do you know a child who just can’t sit still or pay attention in class? Maybe you know one who is always acting out? There’s a good chance these children struggle with inhibitory control. This is the second part of a series on the core executive functions. If you missed Part 1, you can find it here.


Executive Function Components: Part 1 Working Memory

Our last post provided an overview of the role of executive functions in children’s learning and development. We also discussed the importance of being able to identify possible issues with executive functioning. This is the first post in three-part series. We will look at the core parts of executive function; these include working memory, inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility. We begin with working memory.


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